The electric cigarette runs on a battery, evaporating liquid. This causes the E-cigarette to emit water vapour instead of the smoke inhaled with a traditional cigarette. Despite the fact that the effect of the E-cigarette is very similar to that of a traditional cigarette, it works differently. But how exactly does this work, and how does it differ from the traditional cigarette? We’re gonna explain that to you!

What does the E-cigarette consist of?

Before we can go further into the operation, it is useful to know what a E-cigarette consists of. As mentioned before, the electric cigarette consists of a battery, with which you can vaporize liquid. This isn’t all, there’s more to it than that, of course. The battery is rechargeable and contains a chip, which controls the power of the electric cigarette. Also, this chip contains several protections, so you can safely use the E-cigarette. There’s a button on the battery, we call it the fire button. Pressing this fire button activates the E-cigarette.

In addition to the battery, the E-cigarette also has an evaporator. We call this evaporator the tank. This tank consists of a reservoir and an annealing coil. The reservoir can be filled with liquid for the E-cigarette, this has e-liquid. This e-liquid can be used with or without nicotine. The filament in the evaporator is called a coil, it consists of a resistance with cotton. The coil is a replacement element just like the e-liquid. A coil lasts about 2 weeks. In addition, there is a nozzle on the tank so that it lies finely on the mouth. These parts together form an electric cigarette. But how do these parts work together? We’ll explain below.

De onderdelen van een elektrische sigaret.
This picture clearly shows the different parts of an electric cigarette.

How does a E-cigarette work?

Now that you know what a E-cigarette consists of, you’ve come a long way. Now you ask yourself; how do these parts work together and does the vapour arise? This seems complicated but in practice it is easy to understand! It goes like this, the battery contains a chip. This chip controls the power, which can be indicated in wattage. This chip adjusts the power to the coil in the tank. Because each coil has a certain resistance, the chip will have to adjust its power accordingly. The resistance of the coil is indicated in Ohm. As soon as the coil is mounted in the tank and the tank is filled with e-liquid, vapour can begin.

When you press the fire button of the E-cigarette the battery will release a certain wattage to the coil. This heats the coil coil coil. Then the liquid in the coil will evaporate, which is inhaled by the user of the E-cigarette.

The difference between the tobacco and electric cigarette

Now that you know how a E-cigarette works we can look at the difference with a regular tobacco cigarette. The biggest difference is in the generation of smoke, which is called vapour in an electric cigarette. The traditional cigarette consists of a paper sleeve with tobacco. Because the cigarette is lit, the tobacco will burn. This burning process releases more than 4000 toxic substances which are inhaled by the smoker. As you have read above, the E-cigarette does not burn tobacco but evaporates this liquid. As a result, not nearly as many toxic substances are released as with a tobacco cigarette. Therefore, the vapour of an electric cigarette does not contain tar, carbon monoxide, phosphorus, ammonia, lead and the 4000 other chemical substances. These substances can be found in a tobacco cigarette. In the video below you can see the difference between smoking 30 packs of cigarettes and fumigating 120ml e-liquid.


  • The electric cigarette does not burn tobacco but evaporates e-liquid
  • As the E-cigarette
  • E-liquid is the liquid used to vaporize
  • An electric cigarette consists of a battery with a tank
  • The coil must be replaced after 1 to 2 weeks
  • E-cigarettes can be used with or without nicotine
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